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Daidaita Daidaitaccen Chemical

Database na 10000 halayen halayen sunadarai - kayan aikin sunadarai - bayanan abubuwa

Đang tìm kiếm phương trình bạn yêu cầu ...

Kana son bincika lissafin ba layi, gwada aikace-aikacen wayar mu

Bincika a cikin Shagon App ɗinku na Iphone ko na Iphone don Kayan aikin Daidaitan Balancer tare da wannan tambarin

Labarai Kashi 5% na Jama'a ne kawai zasu sani

Ma'anar asali a cikin Chemistry

Menene lissafin sinadarai?

Kayan aikin hada sinadarai wani nau'i ne na bayyana tasirin sinadarai wanda za'a maye gurbin sunan kowane abu mai dauke da sinadarin.

A cikin Masanan sunadarai, kibiyar kibiya tana wakiltar kwatancen da sakamako ke faruwa. Don halayen guda ɗaya, za mu nuna ta kibiya daga hagu zuwa dama. Don haka abubuwan hagu na hagu zasu shiga, kuma wanda ke hannun dama shine samfurin.

Ma'anar daidaitaccen daidaitawa

Daidaitaccen lissafi shine lissafin aikin sunadarai wanda jimlar caji da yawan kwayoyin atoms na kowane bangare a aikin duk iri daya ne ga masu karawar da kuma kayan aikin. A takaice dai, nauyi da caji a bangarorin biyu na aikin sun daidaita.

Misalai na daidaitattun daidaito

Ana lissafin masu sarrafawa da samfuran aikin sunadarai a cikin lissafin ma'auni na daidaitaccen sinadarai, amma ba a bayyana adadin da ake buƙata don cika kiyayewar taro ba. Wannan lissafin, alal misali, bashi da daidaito dangane da yadda za'a dauki nauyi tsakanin iron oxide da carbon domin samarda iron da carbon dioxide:

Fe2O3 + C → Fe + CO2

Tunda babu ions a ɓangarorin biyu na lissafin, cajin ya daidaita (cajin tsaka tsaki net).
A bangaren masu juyawa daga lissafin (zuwa hagu na kibiya), akwai atoms guda biyu na ƙarfe, amma ɗaya ne kawai a gefen samfurorin (dama na kibiya). Kuna iya cewa lissafin bai daidaita ba duk da cewa baku kirga sauran adadin atom din.
A gefen hagu da dama na kibiya, manufar daidaita lissafin ita ce a samu lamba daya ta kowane irin zarra. Ana cika wannan ta hanyar canza haɗin haɗin ginin (lambobin da aka sanya a gaban maƙallan fili). Biyan kuɗi (ƙananan lambobi a hannun dama na wasu ƙwayoyin cuta, kamar ƙarfe da oxygen a cikin wannan yanayin) ba a taɓa canza su ba.

Daidaitaccen lissafin shine:

2 Fe2O3 + 3 C → 4 Fe + ku 3 CO2

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Menene abu a cikin ilmin sunadarai?

Kiyaye, duk abin da ke bayyane, gami da jikinmu, abubuwa ne. Akwai abubuwa na halitta kamar dabbobi, tsirrai, koguna, ƙasa ... abubuwa ne na wucin gadi.

Abubuwa na halitta sun kunshi abubuwa daban-daban. Kuma abubuwa na wucin gadi sun hada da kayan aiki. Kowane abu abu ne ko cakuda wasu abubuwa. Misali: Aluminium, robobi, gilashi, ...

Menene kaddarorinsu?

Kowane abu yana da wasu kaddarorin: yanayi ko tsari (m, ruwa, gas) launi, ƙanshi da dandano. Lissafi ko mara narkewa a cikin ruwa ... Maɓallin narkewa, wurin tafasa, takamaiman nauyi, haɓakar lantarki, da dai sauransu.

Kuma ikon canzawa zuwa wasu abubuwa, misali, ikon bazuwar, gudu ... shine kayan sunadarai.

Menene kwayar zarra

Dukkanin abubuwa an yi su da kananan karami, tsaka-tsakin lantarki da ake kira atoms. Akwai miliyoyin abubuwa na abubuwa daban-daban, amma sama da nau'ikan atoms 100 ne kawai.

Kwayar zarra tana dauke da kwayar zarra mai gaskiya da kuma harsashi wanda ya kunshi guda daya ko fiye da haka wadanda aka caji su da lantarki mara kyau

Mafi mashahuri lissafi

Haduwa hadewa

Har ila yau an san shi azaman kira. Kindaya daga cikin halayen haɗuwa da ke faruwa akai-akai shine aikin wani kashi tare da oxygen don samar da oxide. A karkashin wasu sharuda, karafa da wadanda ba na karfe ba dukansu suna yin aiki tare da oxygen. Da zarar an kunna, magnesium yana amsawa cikin sauri kuma mai ban mamaki, yana amsawa da iskar oxygen daga iska don ƙirƙirar ingantaccen foda magnesium oxide.

2Al + 3Br2 => 2AlBr3 3Mg + 2P => Mg3P2 5O2 + 4P => 2P2O5 H2O + K2CO3 + CO2 => 2KHCO3 C + O2 => CO2 CaO + H2O => Ca (OH)2 Rariya4 + Sn => 2SnCl2 Duba Duk saurin haɗuwa

Bazuwar dauki

Yawancin bazuwar halayen sun haɗa da zafi, haske, ko wutar lantarki don samar da makamashi. Binary mahadi mahadi ne wanda ya kunshi abubuwa biyu kawai. Mafi sauƙin hanyar amsawa ga bazuwar shine lokacin da mahaɗan binary suka ragargaji abubuwa. Oxide (II) oxide, mai ƙarfi ja, ya bazu don samar da iskar mercury da iskar oxygen lokacin da yake zafi. Hakanan, ana ɗaukar martani azaman aikin lalata koda kuwa ɗaya ko fiye daga cikin kayayyakin har yanzu mahaɗan ne. Karbon ƙarfe ya lalace ya zama ƙarfe na ƙarfe da iskar gas dioxide. Calcium carbonate alal misali ya bazu cikin sinadarin kalshiyam da carbon dioxide.

2H2O + CaCl2 => Ca (OH)2 + Cl2 + 2H2 BaCl2 => Cl2 + Ba CaCl2 => Ca + Cl2 C4H10 => CH4 + C3H6 2CuO => 2Cu + O2 HNO3 + HBr => Br2 + H2O + NO2 5O2 + C4H6Cl2 => 2H2O + 2HCl + 4CAN2 Duba Duk saurin Bazuwar
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Magungunan Oxidation-ragewa

Yanayin rage-kumburi (redox) wani nau'in sinadarai ne wanda ya shafi sauyawar electrons tsakanin jinsuna biyu. Yanayin rage-kuzari shine duk wani aikin sunadarai wanda yawan adadin shayarwar na wani molecule, atom, ko ion ke canzawa ta hanyar samun ko rasa electron. Ayyukan Redox na kowa ne kuma suna da mahimmanci ga wasu ayyukan asali na rayuwa, gami da hotunan hoto, numfashi, konewa, da lalata ko tsatsa.

2Mg + SiO2 => Si + 2MgO 3H2SO4 + Pb => 2H2O + SO2 + Pb (HSO4)2 O2 + 4Fe (OH)2 => 2Fe2O3 + 4H2O 2KCLO3 + 3S => 2KCl + 3SO2 Br2 + 2KI => NI2 + 2KBr H2SO4 + 2NaOH => 2H2O + Na2SO4 Cl2 + 2NaBr => Br2 + 2NaCl Duba Duk aikin-rage-kuzari

Sauyawa sau ɗaya

A + BC → AC + B Element A ƙarfe ne a cikin wannan aikin gabaɗaya kuma ya maye gurbin kashi B, ƙarfe a cikin mahaɗin kuma. Idan wanda aka maye gurbinsa ba karfe bane, dole ne ya maye gurbin wani wanda ba karfe bane a wani mahadi, kuma ya zama shine daidaituwar gaba daya. Yawancin ƙarfe da yawa suna saurin amsawa tare da acid, kuma ɗayan samfuran samin lokacin da suke yin hakan shine gas ɗin hydrogen. Zinc yana aiki da ruwan zinc chloride da hydrogen tare da acid hydrochloride (duba hoto a ƙasa).

Cl2 + 2NaI => Ni2 + 2NaCl 3Cl2 + 2NH3 => 6HCl + N2 Mg + ZnCl2 => Zn + MgCl2 CH3Br + KCN => KBr + CH3CN CH3Cl + CH3COOH => HCl + CH3COOCH3 3Cl2 + 6Fe (BAYA3)2 => 4Fe (BAYA3)3 + 2FKL3 Al (OH)3 + NaOH => 2H2O + NaAlO2 Duba Duk aikin maye gurbin-Sau ɗaya
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Sauyawa sau biyu

AB + CD → AD + CB A da C su ne cations tabbatattu cations a cikin wannan dauki, yayin da B da D suna da mummunan cajin anions. Sauyewar maye gurbin sau biyu yawanci yana faruwa a cikin bayanin ruwa tsakanin mahaɗan. Don haifar da wani abu, ɗayan samfuran yawanci yana da ƙarfi, gas, ko mahaɗan kwayar halitta kamar ruwa. Hanyoyin da ke motsawa a cikin maye gurbin sau biyu lokacin da cations daga ɗayan mahaɗan suka haɗu suka samar da mahaɗin ionic mara narkewa tare da anions daga ɗayan mahaɗan. Abubuwan da ake biyo baya yana faruwa yayin da aka haɗu da magunan ruwa na potassium iodide da gubar (II) nitrate.

C2H5OH + HBr => H2O + C2H5Br K2CO3 + MgCl2 => 2KCl + MgCO3 C6H5OH + NaOH => C6H5ONA + H2O HCl + KHS => H2S + KCl Ca3P2 + SiF4 => SiO2 + CF4 H2O + KClO + CO2 => KHCO3 + HClO 2HCl + Mg (HCO3)2 => H2O + MgCl2 + 2CAN2 Duba Duk aikin maye gurbin Sau biyu

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Duba Yanar Gizonmu Dictionaru Yanar Gizo Cikin Harsuna Daban-Daban

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Bayanai Masu Ban Sha'awa Mutane Kalilan ne suka San su


Tallace-tallacen fom na shiga suna taimaka mana kiyaye abun ciki tare da mafi inganci me yasa muke buƙatar sanya tallace-tallace? : D

Ba na son tallafawa gidan yanar gizo (kusa) - :(