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Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa game da Cobalt | Abu mai ban sha'awa game da abubuwan sunadarai

Abubuwan haɗin gwal suna da kyakkyawa mai ban sha'awa, ƙarfi da kuma kyakkyawar haɗin gwiwa. Cobalt karfe ne na azurfa mai ƙyalli mai walƙiya kuma yana da ƙarfin maganaɗisu.

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Labarai Kashi 5% na Jama'a ne kawai zasu sani

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Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa game da Cobalt


Cobalt karfe ne mai canzawa wanda yake a cikin sel 27 a cikin Teburin Tsarin Lokaci. Tun zamanin da, mutane suna amfani da mahaɗan cobalt don yin yumbu mai launin shuɗi da gilashi. Bugu da kari, cobalt yana da tasirin ilimin halitta kuma ana amfani dashi a cikin masana'antu masu mahimmanci. Anan akwai abubuwa 10 masu ban sha'awa game da sinadarin cobalt!

Matsayin cobalt a teburin tsarin zamani

10 abubuwan ban sha'awa game da sinadarin cobalt

1. Sunan Cobalt ya fito ne daga kalmar Jamusanci don elf, "Kobold" ta masu hakar ma'adinai waɗanda suka ba cobalt sunan saboda sun ɗauka cewa an yayyafa abun ne saboda tamarsa tana fitar da hayaki mai guba yayin dahuwa. gudu. Daga baya, masana kimiyya suka gano cewa gas ɗin mai guba ba cobalt ne ya haifar da shi ba, amma saboda arsenic da ke cikin maƙarƙancin ya samar da iskar gas mai guba mai guba.

Cobalt shuɗi

2. Mutane sun yi amfani da Cobalt aƙalla shekaru 2,600 a matsayin shuɗin shuɗi don mahimman gilashi da yumbu. Hakanan an samo Cobalt a cikin kayan adon Rome da na Farisa na dā, da sassaken Masar, a cikin kango na Pompeii, da kuma lokacin daular China ta Ming da Tang.

Gilashin yumbu shine shuɗin shuɗi

3. A shekara ta 1735, masanin kimiyyar hadahadar dan kasar Sweden Georg Brandt (1694-1768) yayi nazarin wani launin shudi mai duhu wanda aka samo a cikin tagulla. Brandt ya tabbatar da cewa launin yana dauke da sabon abu, wanda daga baya aka sanya masa suna Cobalt. Ya sami damar nuna cewa cobalt shine asalin launin shuɗi a cikin gilashi, wanda a baya ake tsammani saboda bismuth da aka samu da cobalt.

4. Ma’adanin Cobalt, duk da cewa a watse yake, amma yakai kashi 0.001% na dunƙulen Duniya. An samo shi a cikin ƙananan adadi a cikin ƙasa na nickel-iron da meteorites, a cikin Rana da yanayin taurari, kuma a haɗe tare da wasu abubuwan a cikin ruwa na halitta, a cikin ɓawon burodi mai zurfin zurfin teku. , a cikin ƙasa, a cikin tsire-tsire da dabbobi, da kuma ma'adanai kamar su cobaltite, linnaeite, skutterudite, ƙarami, heterogenite, da erythrite.

5. Cobalt muhimmin abu ne a cikin abinci mai gina jiki (shanu, tumaki) kuma yayin balaga da jajayen ƙwayoyin jini, DNA kuma yana taimakawa wajen kiyaye lafiyar jijiyoyin lafiya. Strongarfi a cikin mutane ta hanyar bitamin B 12, kawai bitamin da aka sani ɗauke da irin wannan nauyin mai nauyi.

Cobalt wani abu ne mai mahimmanci a cikin abinci mai gina jiki (shanu, tumaki) kuma yayin balaga da jajayen ƙwayoyin jini, DNA 

6. Ana amfani da Cobalt-60 wajen samar da hasken gamma wanda ake amfani dashi dan magance cutar kansa da kuma kashe magungunan asibiti.

7. Ma'adanin Cobalt yana daya daga cikin 'yan abubuwan da suke yin kuzari. A yanayin yanayin zafi mai tsananin gaske, cobalt yana riƙe da maganadisu, yana mai da shi amfani ga maganadisun da aka yi amfani da su a cikin janareto da rumbun kwamfutoci. Bugu da ƙari, idan an haɗu da ƙarfe na dama, cobalt zai iya ƙirƙirar abin da ake kira "superalloys" wanda zai riƙe ƙarfinsu a ƙarƙashin babban matsi da yanayin zafi mai zafi.

8. A tsakiyar karni na 20, wasu kamfanonin giya sun yi amfani da cobalt a matsayin abin kara giya domin yana taimakawa wajen kula da kumfa. Koyaya, ba da daɗewa ba aka gano cewa haɗuwa da cobalt, yawan shan giya da abinci mara kyau na haifar da haɗarin kasadar zuciya. An daina amfani da cobalt a cikin giya bayan wannan binciken.

Karfe na Cobalt

9. Tsohon gilashin da aka samo a cikin Misira wanda aka samo daga 1550-1292 BC.

10. A shekarar 2010, wasu gungun masana kimiyya 'yan kasar Jamus ne suka fara lura da cewa kwayar zarra tana canza juyawarta. Anyi binciken ne ta hanyar amfani da atam din cobalt.

 

Mai tallafa mana

TVB Một Thời Để Nhớ

Tallace-tallacen fom na shiga suna taimaka mana kiyaye abun ciki tare da mafi inganci me yasa muke buƙatar sanya tallace-tallace? : D

Ba na son tallafawa gidan yanar gizo (kusa) - :(