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Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa game da Nickel | Abu mai ban sha'awa game da abubuwan sunadarai

Nickel shine ƙarfe na biyar mafi yawan ƙarfe mai canzawa akan Duniya, yana faruwa da yawa a cikin ɓawon burodi na Duniyar da kuma ainihinta. Nickel tare da ƙarfe abubuwa biyu ne na gama gari a cikin mete

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Labarai Kashi 5% na Jama'a ne kawai zasu sani

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Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa game da Nickel


Nickel wani ƙarfe ne mai canzawa wanda yake a cikin kwayar halitta ta 28 a cikin Teburin Tsarin Lokaci. A karkashin yanayin yanayi, nickel mai haske ne, mai haske da azurfa. An samo Nickel a cikin ƙarfe na ƙarfe tun zamanin da, kuma an samo kayan tarihin meteorite na ƙarfe tun farkon shekarar 5000 BC a matsayin ƙyalle a cikin kabarin Masar. . A yau, galibin karfe ana samun sa a cikin rayuwar yau da kullun kamar su bakin ƙarfe, maganadiso, tsabar kuɗi da batura. Anan akwai abubuwa masu ban sha'awa 10 game da ƙarfe na nickel!

Matsayin Nickel a cikin teburin tsarin zamani

Gaskiya mai ban sha'awa 10 Game da Nickel

1. An saka sunan Nickel daga kalmar Jamusanci "kupfernickel" wanda ke nufin "tagulla na shaidan". Saboda masu hakar ma'adinan Jamusawa sun ɗauka ma'adinan na ƙunshe da tagulla, amma ba su iya samun tagulla daga ma'adinin ba. Don haka, suna ɗora alhakin matsalolin su da wannan ma'adinan akan shaidan.

Nickel na ƙarfe farin ne ne, mai ƙoshin ƙarfi

2. Ana samun Nickel a cikin ƙarfe na ƙarfe tun zamanin da. Saboda haka, mutane daga zamanin da sun ƙirƙira abubuwa daga waɗannan meteorites na ƙarfe waɗanda suka fara tun a farkon shekara ta 5000 BC kamar su beads a cikin kaburbura a Masar, China ko Babila.

Earafan meteorites da ke ƙunshe da nickel mutanen Dā suna amfani da su azaman kayan ado

3. A shekarar 1751 wani Ba'amurke mai binciken ma'adinai mai suna Axel Fredrik Cronstedt ya gane shi a matsayin sabon abu lokacin da ya tace shi daga ma'adanin ma'adanan cobalt.

4. Nickel daya ne daga cikin abubuwa guda uku wadanda suke da kuzari a yanayin zafin dakin (sauran biyun kuma sune iron da cobalt, kuzarin nickel din yana da rauni fiye da iron ko cobalt). Kafin sanannun maganadiso na ƙasa, sanannun maganadisun Alnico da aka yi daga gwal ɗin nickel sune maɗaukakiyar maganadisun dindindin saboda za su iya kula da maganadisu koda kuwa da zafi ja.

5. An lura da superbiva 2007bi a 2007. Daya daga cikin samfuran wannan supernova shine nickel-56, wanda aka hada shi a cikin fashewa. Nauyin nickel sau uku duk rana ta samu daga wannan fashewar. Nickel-56 na rediyo ne, yana lalacewa zuwa cobalt-56, wanda shi kansa ya koma ƙarfe -56 tare da wadatattun kaddarorin.

Fashewar 2007Bi supernova na dauke da sinadarin nickel wanda ake samu sau uku na yawan rana

6. Nickel shine kashi na 5 mafi yawa a Duniya, amma shine kashi na 22 mafi yawa a cikin kwatarniya, mafi yawan nickel ya fi karkata a cikin ginshiƙin Duniya (na biyu bayan ƙarfe).

7. Nickel da mahaɗan sa suna da haɗari idan jikin mutum ya sha abin da yawa. Mutanen da ke aiki a cikin aikin gyaran nickel, sanya lantarki da walda suna cikin hatsarin kamuwa da matsalolin lafiya. Ma'aikatan da ke shaƙar ƙurar nickel suna cikin haɗarin cutar kansa ta huhu, fibrosis da sauran cututtuka. Bayan haka, rashin lafiyar nickel na daya daga cikin dalilan da suka fi haifar da rashin lafiyar alakar fata. Wani haushi na yau da kullun shine kayan ado masu dauke da nickel, kamar farin zinare.

8. Switzerland ta samar da tsabar kudi na nickel na farko a cikin shekarar 1881 sannan kasar Kanada, kasar da ta fi kowacce samar da nickel, ta gabatar da tsabar kudi na kashi 5 da digo 99.9% daga 1922 zuwa shekarar. 1981. Kudin Amurka na cent 5 da ake kira nickel haƙiƙa ya fi na nickel (75% jan ƙarfe da 25% nickel).

Amurkawan tsabar nickel cent 5 da aka samar a cikin 1958

9. Mafi yawan nickel din da ake samarwa ana amfani da shi ne wajen hada gwal masu kama da lalata irin su bakin karfe (65%) da karafa masu jure zafin rana da kuma wadanda ba su da karfi (20%). Ana amfani da kusan nickel 9% don zanawa. Sauran 6% ana amfani dasu don batura, lantarki da kuma tsabar kudi. Wannan sinadari ne wanda yake bada gilashin koren gilashi kuma ana amfani dashi azaman sanadaran hydrogenation na kayan mai.

10. Nickel wani muhimmin abu ne wanda yake jikin mutum. Manya suna buƙatar kusan 10mg na nickel. Rashin Nickel na iya haifar da cututtuka kamar su ciwon sukari, anemia, cirrhosis, yawan ciwon fitsari, gazawar koda, lipid da phospholipid mahaukaciyar metabolism a cikin hanta. Kowace rana, tururi kusan 250mg na narkar da narkakken cikin jikin mutum na iya haifar da guba.

Mai tallafa mana

TVB Một Thời Để Nhớ

Tallace-tallacen fom na shiga suna taimaka mana kiyaye abun ciki tare da mafi inganci me yasa muke buƙatar sanya tallace-tallace? : D

Ba na son tallafawa gidan yanar gizo (kusa) - :(